Thursday, May 14, 2020
Parenting in Lesbian-Gay (LGBT) or Same-Sex Couple Homes. A review study (American Psychological Association, 2005) showed no evidence that lesbian or gay parents are unfit to parent children nor are the children under their care as parents are disadvantaged psychosocially or economically as compared with heterosexual couples. Nevertheless, this study admitted that data on LGBT parents are limited (American Psychological Association, 2005). The same findings were noted in another study (Telingator Patterson,2008). Parenting during Post-Separation of Couples.Smyth, (2004) discussed the nature of parenting arrangements during the post-separation (whether after divorce or legal separation of couples), as follows. Parenting patternsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These families were satisfied with their childÃ¢â¬â¢s education but want an increase in different kinds of communication between the home and the school. Parenting in Blended Families. Juby, Le Bourdais Marcil-Gratton (2001) discussed the family situation in step- and blended families, as follows. Stepfamilies are defined, as follows: (1) one parent is not the biological parent of the children of his present spouse; and (2) both parents and the children of one spouse all live in one house. Blended families are defined, as follows: (1) both parents and their respective children from a previous marriage or conjugal relationship live in one residence; and/or (2) both parents have a common child between them, aside from their own respective children from a previous marriage or conjugal relationship. Their study showed these results, as follows. There is a tendency for children to remain with their mother after a divorce or a broken couple relationship. Children have closer contact with their Ã¢â¬Å"maternal half-siblings thanÃ¢â¬ than with their fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s children from a previous marriage or conjugal relationship(Juby, Le B ourdais, Marcil-Gratton, 2001). Ã¢â¬Å"Children born into stepfamilies are at a higher risk of family breakdown than children born into intact familiesÃ¢â¬ (Juby, Le Bourdais, Marcil-Gratton, 2001). There is greater conjugal union stability among stepfamily couples having a
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was developed in part to offer a form of Jung s personality type theory that is more coherent and useful in people s lives. It has become one of the most accepted and widely-used development tools for assessing personality characteristics in non-psychiatric populations. Applications have been made across a broad range of human knowledge, including in areas such as psychotherapy and counseling; education, learning methods, cognitive styles, career counseling, and management and leadership in organizations. Isabel Briggs Myers devoted a great deal of her life to the creation of an instrument that would be valuable to the largest possible population of people, initially designed to facilitate researchÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦People use all of the type preferences and processes at various times, and each is appropriate in certain situations. Be that as it may, one s inborn inclination will predominantly determine which are most used and which will in that case, be best developed. This gives rise to unlimited alternatives, even among people of the same code type. Test Development The MBTI is conceptualized as a psychological instrument to functionally apply an adaptation of Jung s theory of Psychological Types, which means that they would be attempting to measure the mind to a certain degree. The question then becomes, are the use of mathematics and statistical methods a valid means of measurement for attributes like intelligence or, in this case, personality. The word indicator, rather than test, was probably used in naming the MBTI in order to refrain from connotations of right or wrong, good or bad in completing the instrument. This fits in with Jung s theory and philosophy that all of the types are good. Structure and Administration The MBTI may be administered in groups or individually. All key instructions are found on the cover of the question booklets, and solutions are marked on answer sheets. The MBTI Accreditation Program is designed to facilitate a standard format of administration, scoring and interpretation by accredited usersShow MoreRelatedEssay On Myers Briggs Type Indicator1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMyersÃ¢â¬âBriggs Personality Indicator Introduction The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is based on the JungÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of psychological types. The test is a self-report questionnaire that gives insight in how people interpret the world around them. This can be significantly important, as it can help someone better understand themselves, as well as their relationships, education, career, and role in the workplace. The MBTI was was developed by Katharine Cook Briggs together with her daughter Isabel BriggsRead MorePersonalityDimensionsAssignmentWinter2015 1898 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstudying, self-administering, and then interpreting and reporting on the results of, several Ã¢â¬Å"personality tests.Ã¢â¬ Each test assesses, typically, just a singular dimension [facet] of this multi-dimensional construct [though some, like the Big 5 and MBTI, measure multiple dimensions on the one test]. 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The MBTI problem-solvingRead MoreAstrology and Alchemy - the Occult Roots of the Mbti4990 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesSounding Board Psychologists and managers may be surprised to discover that the origins of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most widely used psychometric instrument lie in pre-modern systems of knowledge. Astrology and alchemy Ã¢â¬â the occult roots of the MBTI by Peter Case and Garry Phillipson There appear to be no reputable investigations into the influence of astrology and alchemy on organisation and management, which is surprising given the continuing popularity of astrology. Aside from some research into how marketingRead MoreCompare and Contrast1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBriggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and the Taylor-Johnson Temperament Analysis (T-JTA). The 16PF is a comprehensive measure of normal-range personality that is used to gather an in-depth, integrated picture of the whole person. It was introduced over 40 years ago and has widely been used for a variety of applications including treatment planning and couplesÃ¢â¬â¢ counseling, and to provide support for vocational guidance, hiring and promotion recommendations. The MBTI assessment is a widely usedRead MoreThe Test For Critique : Frank Parsons1873 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Test for Critique Frank Parsons opened the first career guidance center in Boston in 1908, he began by asking prospective clients Ã¢â¬Å"116 rigorous questions about their ambitions, strengths, and weaknessesÃ¢â¬ ( Myer 25 ). But then he did something more unusual: He measured their skulls. Parsons was a committed believer in phrenology. If you had a large forehead, he might recommend you become a lawyer or engineer. But if your skull was more developed behind the ears, you were of the Ã¢â¬Å"animal typeÃ¢â¬ (MyerRead MoreTest Critique2285 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesTest: Include also the date it was originally developed as well as the date of the current version. This should be done in a narrative form under the subheading The test critique is based on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. This was a mother and daughter joint effort of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers developed the MBTIÃ ®. They have been fascinated with enduring work on Carl Jungs theories in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s regarding psychological type preferences. Carl Jung believed that theories can beRead MoreThe Big Five Personality Traits Essay1987 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesperimeters, this essay with address several critiques that affect the evaluation of contemporary use in each of the three personality tests: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT), but only several characteristics will be analyzed thoroughly to produce a more elaborate and detailed discussion. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a psychometric self-report questionnaire
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Considered As Income And Are Taxable Under? Answer: Introducation According to the Taxation Ruling of TR 94/D20 defines that the accounting of the compensation that is received in regard to the personal injury would be treated as the assessable income under section Subsection 25 (1) of the ITAA 1936. The income received by Yen the present context is represents weekly payments and they are treated as salary and attracts liability for tax. Compensation for the loss of finger is a lump sum payment related to the personal injury and therefore under Subsection 25 (1) of the ITAA 1936 they are considered as tax free income (Barkoczy, 2016). An important consideration is that lump sum payment made for physical injury is considered as a common law claim that cannot be considered for taxation law. Amount paid by the employer is considered as benefit for Yan and would be included in the taxable income of the Yans. Social security disability support pension is considered as the benefit that possesses the characteristics of the income (Woellner et al., 2016). These income are considered as assessable completely during the year in which it is received and would be considered as taxable under Section 25 (1) of the ITAA. Arguably, amounts received by Yen is under the social security disability support pension is regarded as the insured person lost income due to the injury. These amounts are considered as income and are taxable under Subsection 25 (1). Determination of the Taxable Income Particulars Section Amount ($) Assessable Income Workman Compensation subsection 25(1) of the ITAA 1936 4000 ($500*8 weeks) Compensation for loss of finger subsection 25(1) of the ITAA 1936 Exempted Cost of ambulance received 950 Social security disability support pension subsection 25(1) of the ITAA 1936 750 Total Taxable Income 5700 Reference List: Barkoczy, S. (2016). Foundations of Taxation Law 2016.OUP Catalogue. Woellner, R., Barkoczy, S., Murphy, S., Evans, C., Pinto, D. (2016). Australian business Law 2016.OUP Catalogue.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
The fetal stage, also known as prenatal development, is a stage of life that so uch can occur. Humans begin life as a single cell. There are multiple stages that have to happen in order to become a human. The first stage is known as the Germinal Stage. The Germinal Stage is from the conception to implantation which is from O to 2 weeks. This is the period when cell division occurs, the zygote reaches the uterus and begins to implant on the uterine wall. The process of implantation can take up to a week. Our next stage is the Embryonic Stage. This stage is from implantation till the end of the first two months. Some of the things that occur in this tage are, vital organs and bodily systems begin to develop from the embryonic disk. The nervous system, sensory organs, hair, outer skin, digestive and respiratory systems, liver and pancreas, bones, and muscles are all beginning to develop. We will write a custom essay sample on My daughter Hailey or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page At 7 weeks genetic activity on the Y chromosome causes testes to differtiate, meaning if there is no Y chromosome then ovaries will differentiate. Stage 3 is the fetal stage, which is from the third month until birth. There is so much that happens during this time. By the end of the second trimester I felt fetal movement, the eyes begin pening and closing, thumb sucking, and the pattern of sleep begins. By the end of the third trimester, the fetus typically weighing 6-71bs and around 20in long. The survival rate increases to 90% by the end of the 7 month of pregnancy. The exact moment of birth occurs when the fetus passes through the vagina and emerges from the mothers body. Pregnancy is a beautiful and amazing thing. Women undergo so many different symptoms and emotions. There are so many risk factors out there that its almost impossible to not worry. Its very crucial to maintain a well-balanced diet and to take he recommended vitamins. Some risks from not following these precautions are maternal malnutrition, which can lead to low birth weight, pre-maturity, retardation of the brain which can affect physical, cognitive, motor, and behavioral development problems. The risks of being too slender can cause low birth weight, and the risks of being too obese can cause stillbirth and neural tube defects. The expected weight gain is between 25-35 pounds. Typically gaining 1/21b per week during the first half, and 11b per week the second half. Drug use during pregnancy can also cause so many problems. From antibiotics, heroin, marijuana, caffeine, cigarettes, ect. All of those drugs can potentially cause birth defects and problems for the child. Some same. Some common things that occur are morning sickness, mood swings, stress, Braxton Hicks, swelling of legs and feet, gestational diabetes, and many more. Some of the issues I faced when carrying Hailey was morning sickness and pre-term labor. I was in the hospital four times for pre-term contractions, in which they had to stop the labor. Luckily, they were able to keep Hailey inside and I carried her full term until 39 weeks. The neonatal stage, the first 4 weeks of life. On August 13, 2011 at 10:47 am my daughter Hailey was born. This day I will never forget. Hailey was delivered vaginally and immediately birth had to be taken to get medical attention. When my water broke there was meconium inside. Meconium is a dark green substance which is forming of the infants first feces. The NICIJ doctor had to come in and examine her to make sure she didnt inhale or swallow any of the meconium, which can be extremely dangerous for newborns. After a few minutes and a quick clean off, they reported that she was okay. They finally handed her to me, and checked her Apgar scores. The Apgar score is based on five of health, appearance, pulse, grimace, activity level, and reparatory effort. Hailey scored a 9, which means there is no danger. Babies who score under a 4 indicates critical condition. The first few hours after birth Hailey and I shared some bonding time, where she was rested against my chest. Some develop mentalists believe that bonding will impact the long-term relationship. Later that evening the doctor came in and told us that she was pretty certain Hailey had newborn Jaundice. Newborn Jaundice, is when the babys blood contains an excess of ilirubin, a yellow-colored pigment of red blood cells. Its a common condition, and typically doesnt require any treatment, but for Hailey it did. Unfortunately we had a blood incompatibility which caused the Jaundice, so she had to spend a week in the hospital under the bilirubin lights. A week later we were finally able to bring Hailey home. The first night at home was a big change for everybody. Hailey was experiencing a whole new world aside from the womb. Since Hailey had to spend the first week of life in the hospital, 4 of which she had to be without us at night, we tried to make things as comfortable as possible. We spent most of the day and night holding and rocking her. She slept around 18 hours a day, which is typical for a newborn. As the weeks went on some of the physical development I noticed with Hailey was that she kept her hands clenched at her firsts, her eyes werent very coordinated yet, and she had established all the basic refluxes needed. Some of the cognitive development I noticed was she was always trying to look at her hands and fingers, trying to fgure out what they were. She loved hearing my voice, singing to her and talking to her gently, and whenever I put a toy close to her face and moved it very lowly she would gaze at it in amazement. Most of Haileys communication was through crying and occasionally other noises. Overall, the first month at home went fantastic. Hailey was formula fed and did very well with the bottle and developing a pattern of her nights and days. Between 1-4 months old Hailey started doing new things, which seemed like it occurred every day.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Essay Sample on Marketing Plan Writing Based on the Coca-Cola Company Marketing plan A marketing plan is a detailed, researched and written report that a business uses in order to outline the actions that should be taken to customers and clients and measures taken to persuade them to purchase the product. It communicates to the customers on the value of goods and services. Marketing personnel evaluate the results marketing decisions made in previous years and the market in which a business operates in order to make the right decisions .They also set goals that provide direction on how marketing should be carried out. Coca-Cola Company success has been attributed by a well structured marketing plan. Marketing plan prepared by the management determines how well it will exist in the market. Product identification A brief discussion is made concerning an existing or new product of a business in the marketing plan. Product identification involves knowing the identity of a product from its source of production, raw materials used in production, work Ã¢â¬âin- progress, finished product storage and the delivery of the products to the customers. Identification of a product can be controlled through electronic and physical methods. Product decisions should include products brand name, quality, and scope of the product line, warranty and its mode of packaging. (Derek 45). Coca-Cola Company sells soft drinks and beverages to the customers. Its management takes into consideration the advantages of selling a product and how itÃ¢â¬â¢s leveraged in the market so as to maximize on its profits. The branding and packaging of its products unique thus has a higher competitive advantage as opposed to that of its competitors. Marketing objective The basic strategy of a business is to determine a business objective .Some non-financial market metrics can be used to measure the success of a business. These include target market objectives and market shares- total number of new or retained customers and rate and size of purchases made in a business. These metrics show the conditions and a circumstance facing a company that cannot be solved through using financial methods (Baker 19).Coca Cola Company overall objective has been to meet the needs of its customers, to penetrate the market through providing high quality products and having a big market share through distributing its products to all parts of the world. Market The size and mark up of a market is determined by the products being sold in a business. It is also indicated by the environment in which itÃ¢â¬â¢s conducting its business. In the marketing there should be a mission statement that identifies a businesses long-run goal, market it serves incentives and products and services given to customers. Coca-Cola CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s markets it products through producing concentrate syrup that is fit for consumption to all its franchise shops in the world, this increases the sale returns of the company. Competition When preparing marketing plan one should take into consideration the reasons that make a customer prefer a product from one business as opposed from its competitor. According to Porter, he stated that it is important to prepare a detailed competitive summary of the products and services variables and be ranked in comparison to those of its competitors so as to prepare the right plan for a business. The variables include; pricing, sales, trends, positioning, clarity, quality, target market focus, packaging, advertising and customer service. The management of a company should know it competitors so as to understand its strengths and weaknesess.These can be achieved through evaluating the competitors experience in business, purchasing power, market position, strength predictability and the freedom to abandon the market. The Coca Cola Company produces different kinds of products which increases of its sale turnover and makes it to have a higher competitive advantage as opposed to its com petitors. It sometimes gives free samples and incentives to its customers. Pricing A price is determined by the net income and the objective that a company have for the market of its product. The pricing decisions can be determined by knowing the market, competitors, the economic condition of a country and the customers. Tables and graphs can be used to show the pricing trends and decisions of different products of a company. The main factors that an organization should take into account while setting up its prices is that of pricing stategy,the expected volume and decision for following a pricing variable for instance; listÃ price, discounts, payment terms and financing options. Coca Cola company pricing is friendly as its products are recyclable therefore minimizing on the cost of producing the empty bottles used to pack its products. Promotion A product should be advertised and promoted in the market so that the customer can get to know about its existence in the market. A business should determine how much and which media should be used in advertising a product. Kotler, et.al stated there are factors that should be taken into account when promoting a product that include; public relations, promotional programs, projected results for promotional programs and budget that determines the break-even point for making a sale of a product. Coca-Cola Company has been using the fat and jolly Santa Claus in advertising of its products, this has enabled it to increase on its sales and production for its products. Distribution This process involves ensuring the products reach the customers on time. In marketing plan, distribution is an important element that consists of decision variables such as; distribution channels as direct, retail and intermediate channels; criteria for evaluating distributions ;locations; motivators of channels such as distributor margins and logistics such as transportation ,warehousing and order fulfillment . An organization should choose the best channel that can enable it maximize on its profits (Porter 34).Coca-Cola company produces syrups fit for consumption thus reducing the cost of transporting products from one place to another. Sales forecast Sales forecast is derived through understanding a product, market for a product, price, promotional methods used, and types of distribution a channel for a product .Sales forecast is the driving force of all financial forecasts. It is required to give a brief summary of current sales, identify changes, summarize changes in the forecast, and justify a forecast so as to determine the right information concerning about a product and who well it can fair in the market. The sales forecast helps the management of an organization to determine the kind of resources that should be implemented in an organization in order to maximize on its profits .In this case, factors such as political, environmental, technological and competitive factors are evaluated so as to determine whether the business operates in a good environment. Coca-Cola sales team derives the sales turnover on different intervals in the year to evaluate the position of the company in the beverage industry. Sales forecast review by management Sales forecast review by management can be achieved through using the sales manager who can understand the contacts in the industry, can familiarize themselves with advertising and promotion techniques that will increase sales revenue for an organization. The qualification of the sales personnel to generate sales leads, their relationship with the distributors and location of their sales outlets in order to increase the revenue of an organization is taken into consideration .These mechanisms can ensure the management reviews it sales forecast with the actual sales so as to understand the position of business in the market. Coca-Cola company employees prepare financial reports on an annual basis to inform the customers at its existence and production of high quality products. Conclusion Marketing plans should be reviewed on an annual basis so as to determine how a business is performing in the industry. The management of business should use the marketing plan to determine the environment in which a business can flourish in the industry. These are prepared in relation to the products and services that are sold that result from marketing strategy implemented through marketing programs. Coca-Cola company success has been contributed by well structured strategy and market penetration and production of a variety of products that are suitable for its customers.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Ismg 4 - Essay Example The question whether IT systems is an expense or an asset depends on the business being operated (Austin, Nolan and ODonnell 49). Some businesses need IT systems to help them in running their operations. However, some businesses can do well without IT systems. If IT systems lead to the high cost of a business, then the business should consider the systems as expenses (Austin, Nolan and ODonnell 50). However, if an IT system brings more profit to a firm than when it lacks the system, then the firm should consider the system as an asset. The purpose of cost allocation is to offer relief to shared services in an organization (Austin, Nolan and ODonnell 50). Allocating cost is similar to spreading the cost amongst those who use it. Firms allocate costs in order to assign accountability of those who use the cost, either a single department or numerous departments in the company. For instance, a firm, which offers complex IT systems, can allocate duty to various departments to people who have specialized in specific fields of IT. IT departments should have full control of spending with regards to IT systems. This is because every field of occupation knows best the cost of running their business (Austin, Nolan and ODonnell 51). IT departments should have their own system of administration separate from the whole company. This will enable the department to spend what is appropriate regarding their activities. It will also enable the department to avoid any financial hitches that might face the entire company since they control their own funds (Austin, Nolan and ODonnell 51). However, this is not to mean that the company should not monitor the spending of the department. The overall management should monitor the spending of the IT department to ensure that their spending is in line with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives. There should be a percentage cost that an IT department can spend on the maintenance of their IT systems, and this should
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
Reading response - Essay Example The 913 people who died in the town were all members of the religious movement. However, two of those who died were killed by poison known as cyanide. The massacre event was named the revolutionary suicide event by Jones and several members of the religious group (Moore & Rebecca 314). The death of this members extended to appoint the act was seen as mass suicide even by the government of the United States. This story is fascinating because of the event that happened in Jonestown. The story talks about murder and suicide of many people who are the members of the religious group. The most interesting part in the story is the fact that the deaths of this people could not be justified and also the causes of their deaths were not valid. The death of many people at a time and from the same place could also attract attention to the story. Interestingly, the diseased die without knowing the reasons of their deaths. Another interesting part of the story is the way people died from cyanide, there are several symptoms that are observed when a person is poisoned using cyanide. Those who were said to have died from cyanide, should have displayed the signs and the symptoms appropriately. On religious tradition, the article talks about the religious movement and the visit of its members to the divine. According to the article, the members of the religious group often went to the divine for the religious activities. JonesÃ¢â¬â¢ speech attracted more members to the group, he delivered sermons that relieved the members and gave many people the feeling of freedom. From the religion activities explored in the article, it is clear that the traditions of religion depends on the belief of the individual. However, the sermon and the speech given by the religious leaders appear to attract and influence most of the non-believers into joining a certain religion movement (Moore & Rebecca 317). For